Scalp mycosis is a disease caused by fungi on the skin. It has many varieties. There are superficial, deep, widespread, focal, chronic and acute varieties of this disease. In addition, mycoses are classified into microsporiasis, trichophytiasis, and phavus. Sometimes it helps against him: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/fungoral.
Why mycosis of the scalp occurs
Scalp mycosis is contagious, it is transmitted through contact and household (through towels, headgear, combs, hygiene products). In addition, contaminated hair or hair on the skin is dangerous.
At the same time among the factors increasing the likelihood of fungus spreading specialists name immunity reduction, lack of hygiene hair care, vitamin and mineral deficiency, micro-injuries, taking antibiotics, bad habits, endocrine, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, as well as frequent stress. According to statistics, the increase in the number of cases occurs in the fall and winter.
Symptoms of head mycosis
The presence of mycosis of the scalp suggests the following clinical signs:
dryness of the skin;
The appearance of abundant dandruff;
dullness of hair;
hair brittleness, breaking off a few millimeters from the root;
Appearance of pinkish plaques that rise above the skin surface;
development of blisters on the plaques, which eventually become covered with grayish crusts;
The appearance of black dots at the roots of the hair.
Without treatment, the progression of the disease can lead to baldness.
Treatment of scalp mycosis
A course of therapy usually lasts about four weeks and includes:
Antifungal drugs (both for external and internal use, depending on the degree of progression of the disease);
antibiotics (in the case of a prolonged course of the disease, the accession of bacterial infection);
external application of sulfur ointment.
At the end of treatment, for faster recovery and faster hair growth, it is recommended to undergo a course of auxiliary procedures: mesotherapy, laser therapy, head massage, etc. The optimal techniques, as well as the possibility of combining them in each case is determined by a specialist. In addition, the patient is recommended to take regular vitamin complexes, proper hair care, use only personal combs and headgear.